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Large evacuation and humanitarian support - Dhaka, Bangladesh

Dhaka, Bangladesh (June 2019): The primary focus for this demonstration is humanitarian support.

Scenario topic and summary
A major flood event of Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers will lead to water levels around Dhaka City to exceed danger levels. At the same time an extreme rainfall event of 3-4 days duration (similar to the 2004 event) will exacerbate the situation. Ultimately, breaches in the flood embankment and collapse of the drainage system will generate a catastrophic flooding of Dhaka and an humanitarian disaster due to long duration inundation.
The key factors contributing to the disaster include:

  • Disruptions in electricity and fuel supply to the city leading to energy crisis.
  • Road and communication network disrupted due to extended period of high water levels and deep flooding.
  • Disruptions and damages to the sanitation and drinking water supply system especially for shelters, hospitals and other priority services.
  • Capacity of shelters in such extreme events is limited.
  • Healthcare system overloaded due to high incidence rate of water-borne diseases.
  • Eventually food shortages occur leading to worsening law and order situation.
These factors justify the need for a rapid international intervention coordinated by foreign stakeholders (EU & its Member States, UN agencies, NGOs, WHO, WMO, etc.). Such a large-scale crisis requires a rapid set up of logistics, medical, civil protection means and an appropriate regional, national and international coordination.

The identified threats in the Dhaka area are related to massive inundation generated by floods (and storm surge) and associated epidemics. The demonstration on extreme flooding event is fully endorsed by the Bangladesh Government and especially the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief. Dhaka, capital city of Bangladesh, concentrates more than 18 million inhabitants and is located in the largest delta area in the world, within Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers estuary. The city is under the constant threat of flooding that may affect more than 90% of the urban area with a water depth over 1 meter. The climate change impact assessment in the region has foreseen an increase of the floods intensity. A major flood event of Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, combined with a low pressure event generating a storm surge, will generate a catastrophic flooding of Dhaka and an humanitarian disaster. Such a large-scale crisis requests a rapid set up of logistics, medical, civil protection means and an appropriate regional, national and international coordination.

The main identified weaknesses are:

  • The shelters capacity in such extreme events (most shelters are effective up to medium inundations),
  • The sanitation and drinking water supply for shelters, hospitals and other priority services. The water supply network has a limited efficiency and most of pumping stations will not operate at nominal rate.
  • The power supply for shelters and emergency pumping stations. The electricity network capacity is deeply reduced and can’t provide sufficient resources for shelters and to reduce inundation.
  • The medical care and early identification of epidemics. The inundation induces a sanitation crisis with emergent diseases. Healthcare teams are not equipped with sufficient medical kits and detection devices.
  • The flood forecasting and management system is currently achieved with a “people based organization” with a limited forecast possibility and almost no capacity to provide an accurate view of the inundation dynamic. Current monitoring and forecast systems provide a limited diagnostic on the flooding processes.
These weaknesses justify the need for a rapid international intervention coordinated by foreign stakeholders (EU and its Member States, UN agencies, NGOs, EU national capacities, WHO, WMO).

Preparedness, planning and coordination will also require addressing specific critical issues such as:
  • Knowledge of the inundation extension in space and time;
  • Identification of potential buildings to convert into shelters;
  • Needs in emergency units for energy and drinking water production units etc.

As for the two other demonstrations, location and repatriation of EU citizens are compulsory procedures.

EU citizen support and repatriation - Shanghai, China

Shanghai, China (Feb/March 2019) – The primary focus for this demonstration is European citizens and assets protection.

The identified threats are a massive inundation generated by flash floods and storm surge during an extreme typhoon. The demonstration is fully endorsed by the Government of People’s Republic of China and the Ministries of civil affairs and water resources that are in charge of disasters management.

Shanghai is the largest city in China with 24 million inhabitants associated to a dense concentration of major industrial units. The city welcomes a European community that count over 65,000 members. Shanghai is under the permanent threats of the Yangtze River floods and exposed to extreme storm surge. The impact of climate change is expected to increase the magnitude of the events affecting the Shanghai area and its coastal zone, producing a significant increase of the flooding area. A major flood event of the Yangtze river combined with an extreme typhoon will flood the city and its infrastructures. The inundation will affect the industrial assets that are, for some of them, investments from European companies. The extreme situation will request to rescue population, locate, protect and evacuate EU citizens and secure European industrial assets. The large-scale crisis requests a rapid set up of logistics, medical, civil protection means and an appropriate regional, national and international coordination.

The main identified weaknesses are:

  • The limited number of shelters for welcoming several million of affected people;
  • The location of EU citizens among the affected people and their potential request of medical care;
  • The identification of major European industrial assets that request relocation or implementation of an alternative supply chain. Most of the major EU assets located in the flooding area do not have any specific risk information regarding inundation and its impacts;
  • The current flood forecasting does not integrate such situations foreseen under climate change scenarios and does not provide an accurate impact assessment of the economic consequences of the inundation;
  • The current energy and water supply networks will be seriously affected, generating a sanitary crisis,
  • The early diagnostic of subsequent epidemics.
These weaknesses justify the need for a rapid international intervention coordinated by foreign stakeholders (EU and national capacities, UN agencies, NGOs, private sector) in close relation with People’s Republic of China government.

Preparedness, planning and coordination require addressing also critical issues such as:

  • Knowledge of the inundation extension in space and time;
  • Identification of potential buildings to convert into shelters;
  • Knowledge on the affected industrial units, associated risks regarding environment and identification of major intellectual assets to relocate;
  • Needs in emergency units for energy and drinking water production units.
The demonstration will address identified weaknesses for economical/industrial, public health and environmental aspects. This large-scale crisis will request a rapid set up of logistics, medical, civil protection means and an appropriate regional, national and international coordination.

It may offer particularly interesting perspectives for export market development (non-EU customers).

Radiological and industrial disasters impacting EU citizens and assets – Island of Taiwan

Island of Taiwan (Feb/March 2019) - The primary focus is on economical & industrial assets, and on radiological disaster.


The demonstration will address a diversity of situations under various threats, fully endorsed by the Island of Taiwan Government. They are flash floods, landslides and a radiologic accident during an extreme typhoon.

Island of Taiwan is very regularly affected by extreme weather conditions and especially with typhoons that make the island the most exposed location in Asia. Most of the climate simulations produced by the Global Circulation Models (GCM) for the end of the 21st century underline the increasing number of extreme events and of their intensity. At the same, the most exposed area to the typhoons, southern part of the island, concentrates major factories involved in high tech production, including EU owned assets. The Southern Taiwan Science Park welcomes world-leading facilities in electronic components production (semi-conductors). The main chip foundry of TMSC is located in this park that welcomes many international investments including major European companies like ST Microelectronics. Simultaneously, the event would affect the Maanshan 1 & 2 nuclear facility located in Hengchun. The production will be affected and a potential contamination of the environment may append. A major typhoon, combined with extreme rainfalls, may generate a complete flooding of the Southern Science Park area. The production can be then stopped and the international logistic chain of semi-conductors will be affected for several weeks with significant impacts on the international production of electronic goods as for the 2011 flood in Thailand. At the same time, the Maanshan nuclear power plant can be affected and a major radiologic accident can appears in a concomitant way. The largescale multi hazards crisis requests a rapid set up of logistics, medical, civil protection means and an appropriate regional, national and international coordination.

The main weaknesses are:

  • The location of victims and EU citizens involved in the industrial production sites;
  • The identification of major assets that request relocation or implementation of an alternative supply chain for electronic production. Most of the major EU assets located in the Science Park do not have any specific risk procedure regarding production activity;
  • The current flood forecasting is not integrating an impact assessment of the economic consequences;
  • For the radiologic accident, the possibility for individuals to evaluate by themselves radiation level they are exposed to and the access to a reliable source of information regarding actions to take. These weaknesses justify the need for a rapid international intervention coordinated by foreign stakeholders (EU and national capacities, UN agencies such as IAEA, NGOs and private sector).
Preparedness, planning and coordination will require also addressing specific and critical issues such as:
  • Knowledge on the affected industrial units, associated risks regarding environment and identification of major intellectual assets to relocate;
  • Need of devices to identify victims and goods submerged during flash floods and affected by landslides;
  • Needs for individual radiological measurements easily performed (CMOS camera on smartphone, protocol for data collection and analysis in order to provide reliable information to population);
  • Needs in emergency units for energy and drinking water production units.

The demonstration will address identified weaknesses both for economical and radiologic aspects. The crisis request a rapid set up of logistics, medical, civil protection means and an appropriate coordination.

The demonstration will investigate the possibility to coordinate EU actions with the People’s Republic of China in case of a major radiologic event.



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